Vijaya Nagara Empire in Indian History

Vijaya Nagara Empire in Indian History:

  • The founders of Vijaya Nagar Empire were Harihara and Bukka Rai, the revenue officers of the Kakatiya ruler Pratap Rudra Deva II of Warrangal
  • They founded the dynasty in 1336 with the capital as Vijaya Nagara on the banks of Tungbhadra river witht the help of Saint Vidyaranya
  • Vijayanagara kingdom lasted for 230 years and produced four dynasties.
    Sangama (1336 – 1485)
    Saluva – (1485 – 1505)
    Tuluva (1505 – 1565) and
    Aravidu (1565 – 1672)
  • Krishna Deva Raya (1509 – 1529) belonged to the Tuluva dynasty. The Italian traveller Nicolocont visited his court.
  • Krishnadeva Rayar is known as ‘Andhra Bhoja’
  • He wrote Ushaparinayam and Amuktamalyada
  • Allasani Peddanna, a Telugu poet was a courtier of Krishna Deva Raya. He is considered as the ‘‘Andra Kavita Pitamaha’’ the Grand Father of Telugu poetry.
  • ‘Ashtadiggajas’ was the famous Scholastic Assembly in the court of Krishna Deva Raya.
  • Vijayanagar Empire was visited by many foreign travellers.
  • Nicolo Conti – Venitian traveller, visited during the reign of Devaraya I.
  •  Damingos Paes : He visited Krishna Devaraya’s court.
  • Ferona Nuniz : A Portuguese who visited during Achyuta Raya’s reign.
  • Durate Barbosa : A portuguese who visited Krishnadeva Raya’s court.
  • Athenasius Nikitin (1415) : He was a Russian, who visited during Deva Raya I’s period He wrote, ‘Voyage to India’.